Inpatient Vs. Outpatient Treatment: What’s The Difference?
When someone is suffering from mental health problems or an addiction to drugs or alcohol, they face the prospects of a very difficult life. Fortunately, a great majority of these people eventually see the light. They reach a point where the cycle of addiction is simply too much to handle. When it’s time for them to stop using and start recovering from their addiction illness, what options do they really have?
Yes, they could always consult with their physician. Unfortunately, medical doctors will focus mainly on helping their patient get past withdrawal symptoms. They aren’t equipped to help with possible psychological issues or the causes of addiction. Another alternative might be those wonderful self-help options offered on the Internet. Unfortunately, those options aren’t usually effective.
The truth is there’s only one viable course of action, submit to treatment from a reputable drug and alcohol addiction treatment center. It’s here and only here that a patient will get help with the detox process as well as getting the therapy that’s necessary to learn about their addiction and create better-coping skills. The question becomes, what type of treatment program should a patient use to get the desired results?
For the most part, there are five primary treatment options used by top rehab facilities. Here are a list and a brief description of each option. They are listed from least intensive to most intensive:
- Outpatient – patient reports for scheduled treatment sessions on a regular basis
- Intensive Outpatient – similar to outpatient except the patient is required to spend an extensive amount of time in the facility, undergoing intensive therapy
- Partial hospitalization – the patient is remanded to the inpatient facility for a short time, perhaps for detox. After that, they are usually placed in an outpatient program
- Inpatient (primary) – patient resides in the residential facility for 30-90 days
- Inpatient (long-term) – patient resides in the residential facility for more than 90 days
In most cases, it is incumbent on the treatment facility’s counselors and clinicians to decide which course of treatment is best suited for each patient. With that said, some consideration is often given to extenuating circumstance.
Inpatient vs. Outpatient Treatment: What’s the Difference?
In this section, information will be made available to help people understand the main differences between the outpatient and inpatient treatment options. This information should be used as a guideline to set expectations. Remember, things may vary from one treatment facility to the next. The information provided is general in nature.
From a patient’s perspective, outpatient treatment would be considered less invasive than inpatient treatment. This would be because the patient maintains a substantial amount of control over their life during outpatient treatment. They are not required to live in the outpatient treatment facility full-time. Instead, they are required to report for scheduled therapy sessions on a regular basis.
Outpatient treatment is generally used for patients who pose less risk than those that would be placed in an inpatient program. These are the patients that have moderate addictions and exhibit a higher level of control and responsibility for their lives.
Outpatient treatment is also used for patients with extenuating circumstances. Extenuating circumstances might include:
- Inability to absorb the costs related to inpatient treatment
- The patient has primary responsibility for childcare and cannot find support during treatment
- The patient is part of an educational program that does not allow for missed time
Patients are permitted to participate in an outpatient program as long as they follow certain rules. They must show progress towards recovery, they must avoid relapses and they must adhere to the therapy schedule set-forth by their counselors. Should the patient have issues with compliance, they could be required to move into an inpatient treatment facility or be dropped from the outpatient treatment facility altogether. This would only happen if outpatient treatment is failing and the patient is unwilling or unable to submit to inpatient treatment.
Placement is an inpatient treatment facility is usually determined by the extent of the patient’s addiction. It is intended for patients who have a severe addiction and need round-the-clock monitoring for their own safety.
During their time in the facility, the patient undergoes a lot of intensive individual therapy. They are usually required to also participate in group therapy sessions. As far as therapy is concerned, things are quite similar in an outpatient program with the main difference being the amount of time actually spent in therapy. Of course, 24 hour-a-day access leaves more time for therapy in the inpatient facility.
The primary difference between outpatient and inpatient treatment is the time spent outside of therapy. Since people are required to live in the inpatient treatment facility, they get access to amenities not normally found in an outpatient treatment facility. An inpatient program also gives patients access to a more holistic approach to treatment. This might include nutrition training, art and music therapy, recreation and exercise classes and massage therapy.
At this point, a discussion about long-term treatment centers seems in order. Long-term treatment centers are typically used for patients with severe drug or alcohol addictions. The patient will usually have to stay in the facility for a minimum of 90 days and could need a stay of up to 1 year. During their time there, the patient undergoes intensive therapy. This type of facility is also reserved for people who keep having relapse issues
In all cases, the rehab facility wants to offer the least invasive option possible with one caveat. The patient needs recovery. With that in mind, the facility’s counselors and clinicians are going to make all their decisions based on which type of program is going to give the patient the best chance of establishing a lasting recovery.
Published: February 18, 2020
Last Updated: March 19, 2021
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